Archive for the ‘Hair Removal’ Category
Supplemental Amino Acids: Asparagine, Aspartic Acid, Carnitine, Carnosine, Citrulline, Weight Loss And Obesity
Read An Opinion On: Hair Laser Removal Sydney
By Georgy Kharchenko
Asparagine, created from another amino acid, aspartic acid, is needed to maintain balance in the central nervous system; it prevents you from being either overly nervous or overly calm. As it is converted back into aspartic acid, asparagine releases energy that brain and nervous system cells use for metabolism. It promotes the process by which one amino acid is transformed into another in the liver.
Because aspartic acid increases stamina, it is good for fatigue and depression, and plays a vital role in metabolism. Chronic fatigue may result from low levels of aspartic acid, because this leads to lowered cellular energy. In proper balance, aspartic acid is beneficial for neural and brain disorders; it has been found in increased levels in persons with epilepsy and in decreased levels in people with some types of depression. It is good for athletes and helps to protect the liver by aiding in the removal of excess ammonia.
Aspartic acid combines with other amino acids to form molecules that absorb toxins and remove them from the bloodstream. It also helps to move certain minerals across the intestinal lining and into the blood and cells, aids cell function, and aids the function of RNA and DNA, which are the carriers of genetic information. It enhances the production of immune globulins and antibodies (immune system proteins). Plant protein, especially that found in sprouting seeds, contains an abundance of aspartic acid. The artificial sweetener aspartame is made from aspartic acid and phenylalanine, another amino acid.
Carnitine is not an amino acid in the strictest sense (it is actually a substance related to the B vitamins). However, be-cause it has a chemical structure similar to that of amino acids, it is usually considered together with them.
Unlike true amino acids, carnitine is not used for protein synthesis or as a neurotransmitter. Its main function in the body is to help transport long-chain fatty acids, which are burned within the cells, mainly in the mitochondria, to provide energy. This is a major source of energy for the muscles. Carnitine thus increases the use of fat as an energy source. This prevents fatty buildup, especially in the heart, liver, and skeletal muscles. Carnitine may be useful in treating chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), because a disturbance in the function of the mitochondria (the site of en-ergy production within the cells) may be a factor in fatigue. Studies have shown decreased carnitine levels in many people with CFS.
Carnitine reduces the health risks posed by poor fat metabolism associated with diabetes; inhibits alcohol-induced fatty liver; and lessens the risk of heart disorders.
Studies have shown that damage to the heart from cardiac surgery can be reduced by treatment with carnitine. According to The American Journal of Cardiology, one study showed that proprionyl-L-carnitine, a carnitine derivative, helps to ease the severe pain of intermittent claudication, a condition in which a blocked artery in the thigh decreases the supply of blood and oxygen to leg muscles, causing pain, especially with physical activity. Carnitine has the ability to lower blood triglyceride levels, aid in weight loss, improve the motility of sperm, and improve muscle strength in people with neuromuscular disorders. It may be useful in treating Alzheimer’s disease. Conversely, carnitine deficiency may be a contributor to certain types of muscular dystrophy, and it has been shown that these disorders lead to losses of carnitine in the urine. People with such conditions need greater than normal amounts of carnitine.
Carnitine also enhances the effectiveness of the antioxidant vitamins E and C. It works with antioxidants to help slow the aging process by promoting the synthesis of carnitine acetyl-transferase, an enzyme in the mitochondria of brain cells that is vital for the production of cellular energy there.
The body can manufacture carnitine if sufficient amounts of iron, vitamin Bj (thiamine), vitamin 65 (pyri-doxine), and the amino acids lysine and methionine are available. The synthesis of carnitine also depends on the presence of adequate levels of vitamin C. Inadequate intake of any of these nutrients can result in a carnitine deficiency. Camitine can also be obtained from food, primarily meats and other foods of animal origin.
Many cases of carnitine deficiency have been identified as partly genetic in origin, resulting from an inherited defect in carnitine synthesis. Possible symptoms of deficiency include confusion, heart pain, muscle weakness, and obesity.
Because of their generally greater muscle mass, men need more carnitine than do women. Vegetarians are more likely than non vegetarians to be deficient in carnitine because it is not found in vegetable protein. Moreover, neither methionine nor lysine, two of the key constituents from which the body makes carnitine, are obtainable from vegetable sources in sufficient amounts. To ensure adequate production of carnitine, vegetarians should take sup-plements or should eat grains, such as cornmeal, that have been fortified with lysine.
Supplemental carnitine is available in different forms, including D-carnitine, L-carnitine, and DL-carnitine. DL-carnitine is not recommended, as it may cause toxicity.
Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC), a carnitine derivative pro-duced naturally in the body, is involved in carbohydrate and protein metabolism and in the transport of fats into the mitochondria. It increases levels of carnitine in tissues and even surpasses the metabolic potency of carnitine. ALC has become one of the most studied compounds for its anti aging effects, particularly with regard to degeneration of the brain and nervous system. Several major studies have shown that daily supplementation with ALC significantly slows the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, resulting in less deterioration in memory, attention and language, and spatial abilities. It also can be used to treat other cognitive disorders, as well as depression.
ALC provides numerous other benefits to many of the body’s systems. It helps to limit damage caused by oxygen starvation, enhance the immune system, protect against oxidative stress, stimulate the antioxidant activity of certain enzymes, protect membranes, slow cerebral aging, prevent nerve disease associated with diabetes and sciatica, modulate hormonal changes caused by physical stress, and increase the performance-enhancing benefits of branched-chain amino acids.
Total brain levels of ALC (and carnitine) decline with age. In most of the studies of ALC done with humans, subjects took 500 to 2,500 milligrams daily, in divided doses. No toxic or serious side effects have been reported.
L-carnosine is a dipeptide composed of two bonded amino acids alanine and histidine. This is found naturally in the body, particularly in brain tissue, the heart, skin, muscles, kidneys, and stomach. Carnosine levels in the body decline with age. This compound has the ability to help prevent glycosylatiun, the truss linking of proteins with sugars lo form advanced glycosylation end products, or AGEs. This effect may be beneficial for combating diabetes, kidney failure, neuropathy, and aging in general.
To date, no serious side effects have been noted in trials. The normal oral dose is 100 to 500 milligrams daily (with occasional breaks). Avoid mega dosing. This is the oral form, not the eye drop form used in Russia for cataract treatment (that is N-alpha-acetylcarnosine).
The body makes citrulline from another amino acid, ornithine. Citrulline promotes energy, stimulates the immune system, is metabolized to form L-arginine, and detoxifies ammonia, which damages living cells. Citrulline is found primarily in the liver. It is helpful in treating fatigue.
Cysteine and Cystine
These two amino acids are closely related; each molecule of cystine consists of two molecules of cysteine joined together.
Cysteine is very unstable and is easily converted to L-cystine; however, each form is capable of converting into the other as needed. Both are sulfur-containing amino acids that aid in the formation of skin and are important in detoxification.
Cysteine is present in alpha-keratin, the chief protein constituent of the fingernails, toenails, skin, and hair. Cysteine aids in the production of collagen and promotes the proper elasticity and texture of the skin. It is also found in a variety of other proteins in the body, including several of the digestive enzymes.
Cysteine helps to detoxify harmful toxins and protect the body from radiation damage. It is one of the best free radical destroyers, and works best when taken with selenium and vitamin E. Cysteine is also a precursor to glutathione, a substance that detoxifies the liver by binding with potentially harmful substances there. It helps to protect the liver and brain from damage due to alcohol, drugs, and toxic compounds in cigarette smoke.
Since cysteine is more soluble than cystine, it is used more readily in the body and is usually best for treating most illnesses. This amino acid is formed from L-methionine in the body. Vitamin Bg, vitamin 612, and folate are necessary for cysteine synthesis, which may not take place as it should in the presence of chronic disease. Therefore, people with chronic illnesses may need higher than normal doses of cysteine, as much as 1,000 milligrams three times daily for a month at a time.
Supplementation with L-cysteine is recommended in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, hardening of the arteries, and mutogenic disorders such as cancer. It promotes healing after surgery and severe burns, chelates heavy metals, arid binds with soluble iron, aiding in iron absorption. This amino acid also promotes the burning of fat and
the building of muscle. Because of its ability to break down mucus in the respiratory tract, L-cysteine is often beneficial in the treatment of bronchitis, emphysema, and tuberculosis. It promotes healing from respiratory disorders and plays an important role in the activity of white blood cells, which fight disease.
Cystine or the N-acetyl form of cysteine (N-acetylcys-teine, or NAC) may be used in place of L-cysteine. NAC aids in preventing side effects from chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Because it increases glutathione levels in the lungs, kidneys, liver, and bone marrow, it has an anti-aging effect on the body reducing the accumulation of age spots, for example. NAC has been shown to be more effective at boosting glutathione levels than supplements of cystine or even of glutathione itself.
People who have diabetes should be cautious about taking supplemental cysteine because it is capable of inactivating insulin. Persons with cystinuria, a rare genetic condition that leads to the formation of cystine kidney stones, also should not take cysteine.
Permanent Link: http://www.isnare.com/?aid=516473&ca=Medicines+and+Remedies
Read An Opinion On: Laser For Hair Removal
In an age where medicine has advanced and life span has increased due to cures for various diseases, we are still plagued with numerous medical questions. We do get health information from books, websites and doctors but medical question answers never end. When you ask a medical question you will get complicated medical terms for your disease or problem, in such times we need someone to simplify this health information bombarded on us. Here we talk about prostatomegaly.
What is prostatomegaly?
Prostatomegaly is enlargement of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is that organ in the male body which is at the base of the bladder. When it enlarges to a lesser or greater extent it causes problems in all men and it causes a block to the outlet of the bladder, it obstructs it. Prostatomegaly is common in elderly men. It is a result of the hormonal changes in the body.
It has to be most often benign unless there is clinical proof that it is abnormal and the lab blood tests indicate that it is a malignant growth in the prostrate which may call for a prostrate biopsy.
Based on the enlarged gland size, the patient can remain asymptomatic, he can develop symptoms which include difficulty in voiding, obstruction in the urinary flow, urinary infection.
Based upon the size of the enlarged gland, one could remain asymptomatic or develop symptoms including increased difficulty in voiding, urinary infection and obstruction in the urinary outflow tract. Medications do help in treating the enlarged prostate related symptoms. Surgery is needed only in severe cases of enlargement and associated symptoms. Kidney (Renal) Cysts are the sacs filled with fluid and are relatively more common in elderly population. These cysts are mostly benign as noted on the imaging studies (example, ultrasound study of kidneys). They don’t require any further intervention.
Grade I prostatomegaly is mild and common and need not even get treated. But, when it progresses slowly to grade 2. Causes of prostatomegaly include:
- BPH Benign prostatic hyperplasia or cystic hyperplasia
- Squamous metaplasia: This is enlargement of prostrate due to exposure to excessive estrogen.
- Prostatitis is bacterial infection of prostate gland
- Paraprostatic cysts: These cysts are fluid filled sacs which are connected to the prostrate by a stalk which is extremely thin.
- Prostatic meoplasia: Tumors of this prostate gland are malignant and tough to cure.
- Prostatomegaly in the initial stage need not be treated but as it enlarges, it creates trouble and needs treatment and medical attention.
Anna Phills has written many articles on resumes & medical information which she cares a lot about. Why not visit her site which provides helpful information on prostatomegaly, graphic designer resume and stretch mark removal. Author: Anna Phills